Is poverty absolute or relative? When we think of (one-dimensional) income poverty, should we define the threshold that separates the poor from the non-poor as the cost of purchasing a fixed basket of goods and services that allows people to meet their basic needs? Or should we instead think of it as relative deprivation: as earning or consuming less than some given proportion of the country’s average living standard?
China’s Sina Weibo hires 1,000 supervisors to censor “harmful content”—including women’s legs
Global Voices, October 12,2017
The 2018 World Development Report (WDR), Learning to Realize Education’s Promise, launched immediately. While it draws on research and collective experience—both from within and away from World Bank—it also draws for the personal experience of the team members, such as the two of us. What inspires primary on learning for all is that we both have seen the possibilities of widely shared learning, but we’ve also observed what happens when those possibilities aren’t fulfilled.
Researchers in development often hope that their research can ultimately influence policy. But getting from research results to policymaker persuasion is definitely an ongoing struggle. Yesterday I noticed insights on this point from Dasmine Kennedy of Jamaica’s Ministry of Education as well as Albert Motivans through Equal Measures 2030. (I also gave my two cents. )
Weeks after row over academic articles, China says imported publications must be legal
Reuters, September 8, 2017
辽宁姜立军、金宇、赵野等举报控告辽宁关山子监狱监狱长胡文明、监区长吴占军、教导员隋长青、中队长李鹏等人索贿受贿、滥用职权、虐待被监管人等系列反人类反文明犯罪的公开信 (Citizens in Liaoning lodge torture and bribery complaints against prison officials and write open letter)
Weiquanwang, September 12, 2017
As the world’s chief workfare program, India’s Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Structure (NREGS) has attracted much attention. Yet its impacts on arboriculture have been relatively neglected. A recent paper by Deininger, Nagarajan, and then Singh addresses this gap merely focusing on the program’s effects on your agricultural productivity as well as labor market outcomes.
The program offers unskilled employment, for up to 100 days a year in every household, in projects to provide close by productivity-enhancing infrastructure. Wages are fit by statute, at rates which are equal for men and women and, it is longed, not attractive enough to prevent effective self-targeting.
Inorganic fertilizer use by smallholder farmers is one way to boost soil sperm count and associated crop-yields and plantation incomes. Yet fertilizer use is the lowest where yield increase is necessary the most. Per the World Development Component database, inorganic fertilizer use takes up 154 kgs/hectare in middle-income states, while in low-income countries it is other than one-tenth this level at thirteen kgs/hectare. What is driving this situation? , and they are at times fiscally expensive programs, related to government subsidies, commonly used in short income countries, the right solution?
腾讯微信、新浪微博、百度贴吧涉嫌违反《网络安全法》被立案调查 (Tencent, Sina, plus Baidu under investigation for suspected violation of Cybersecurity Law from the PRC)
People. com. cn, August 11, 2017
广东举办全省网络新闻信息服务从业人员培训班 (Guangdong launches province-wide training course to get internet news information service practitioners)
Office of the Central Leading Group for Cyberspace Matters, August 9, 2017
Countries around the world have experimented with “school report cards”: providing mother and father with information about the quality of their college so that they can demand higher quality service for his or her children. The results have been mixed. Andrabi, Das, and Khwaja bring a substantial contribution to that literature in last month’s American Economic Review using their article using data from Pakistan , “Report Credit cards: The Impact of Providing College and Child Test Scores upon Educational Markets. ”
When people spend money, their particular decisions are often influenced by the wish to signal wealth and attain interpersonal status. This insight is not completely new – even Adam Smith, in the Wealth of Nations, gripes that his contemporaries spend an excessive amount of on “status goods” that are not a necessity of life, and that they most likely can’t afford.
Social signaling motives within consumption seem to be present in many different economic settings, and may in fact be therefore widespread that they can be linked to bigger economic phenomena, such as inequality plus persistent poverty. Studies using home surveys show, for example , that the bad around the world spend a strikingly big share of their income on visible expenditures, which may have negative effects for asset accumulation, household indebtedness, and investments in education. Exactly the same pattern has been shown to hold for ethnic minorities in the Unites States – so much so, that a recent study argues that differences in conspicuous consumption may account for as much as one third of the wealth gap between Whites and African Americans